Nginx 环境下常用伪静态规则

2012年03月10日   网站建设   0条评论   4123人围观过  
  本文介绍了在 Nginx 环境下,一些常用 CMS 或者 Blog 等程序的伪静态规则,包含:WordPress、PHPCMS、ECSHOP、SHOPEX、Discuz 7。

  由于最近自己需要配置一台 Linux 服务器,故选择了 Nginx,而没有使用如日中天的 Apache,因为是受了张宴同学的影响。在他丰富的 Nginx 配置经验下,学到了一些皮毛的东西,故自己也来折腾试试。

  这里就遇到了一个伪静态的规则问题。使用了某常见的 LNMP 一键安装包,但是建立时候默认不含有 phpcms 的伪静态规则,只能自己研究。于是在网上找到了几个常见的 CMS 或者 Blog 程序的伪静态规则,注意,Apache 和 Nginx 的伪静态规则是不一样的,故有必要学习使用。

WordPress伪静态规则



location / {
index index.html index.php;
if (-f $request_filename/index.html){
rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;
}
if (-f $request_filename/index.php){
rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;
}
if (!-f $request_filename){
rewrite (.*) /index.php;
}
}


PHPCMS伪静态规则



location / {
rewrite ^/content-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+).html /index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=$1&id=$2&page=$3;
rewrite ^/show-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+).html /index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=$1&id=$2&page=$3;
rewrite ^/list-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+).html /index.php?m=content&c=index&a=lists&catid=$1&page=$2;
}


  注:此为最新版 PHPCMS V9 版 在 Nginx 1.0.10 下的伪静态规则。网上很多都失效了,本站亲测,保证可用!

ECSHOP伪静态规则



if (!-e $request_filename)
{
rewrite "^/index\.html" /index.php last;
rewrite "^/category$" /index.php last;
rewrite "^/feed-c([0-9]+)\.xml$” /feed.php?cat=$1 last;
rewrite “^/feed-b([0-9]+)\.xml$” /feed.php?brand=$1 last;
rewrite “^/feed\.xml$” /feed.php last;
rewrite “^/category-([0-9]+)-b([0-9]+)-min([0-9]+)-max([0-9]+)-attr([^-]*)-([0-9]+)-(.+)-([a-zA-Z]+)(.*)\.html$” /category.php?id=$1&brand=$2&price_min=$3&price_max=$4&filter_attr=$5&page=$6&sort=$7&order=$8 last;
rewrite “^/category-([0-9]+)-b([0-9]+)-min([0-9]+)-max([0-9]+)-attr([^-]*)(.*)\.html$” /category.php?id=$1&brand=$2&price_min=$3&price_max=$4&filter_attr=$5 last;
rewrite “^/category-([0-9]+)-b([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-(.+)-([a-zA-Z]+)(.*)\.html$” /category.php?id=$1&brand=$2&page=$3&sort=$4&order=$5 last;
rewrite “^/category-([0-9]+)-b([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /category.php?id=$1&brand=$2&page=$3 last;
rewrite “^/category-([0-9]+)-b([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /category.php?id=$1&brand=$2 last;
rewrite “^/category-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /category.php?id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/goods-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html” /goods.php?id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/article_cat-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-(.+)-([a-zA-Z]+)(.*)\.html$” /article_cat.php?id=$1&page=$2&sort=$3&order=$4 last;
rewrite “^/article_cat-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /article_cat.php?id=$1&page=$2 last;
rewrite “^/article_cat-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /article_cat.php?id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/article-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /article.php?id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/brand-([0-9]+)-c([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-(.+)-([a-zA-Z]+)\.html” /brand.php?id=$1&cat=$2&page=$3&sort=$4&order=$5 last;
rewrite “^/brand-([0-9]+)-c([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html” /brand.php?id=$1&cat=$2&page=$3 last;
rewrite “^/brand-([0-9]+)-c([0-9]+)(.*)\.html” /brand.php?id=$1&cat=$2 last;
rewrite “^/brand-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html” /brand.php?id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/tag-(.*)\.html” /search.php?keywords=$1 last;
rewrite “^/snatch-([0-9]+)\.html$” /snatch.php?id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/group_buy-([0-9]+)\.html$” /group_buy.php?act=view&id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/auction-([0-9]+)\.html$” /auction.php?act=view&id=$1 last;
rewrite “^/exchange-id([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /exchange.php?id=$1&act=view last;
rewrite “^/exchange-([0-9]+)-min([0-9]+)-max([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-(.+)-([a-zA-Z]+)(.*)\.html$” /exchange.php?cat_id=$1&integral_min=$2&integral_max=$3&page=$4&sort=$5&order=$6 last;
rewrite ^/exchange-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-(.+)-([a-zA-Z]+)(.*)\.html$” /exchange.php?cat_id=$1&page=$2&sort=$3&order=$4 last;
rewrite “^/exchange-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /exchange.php?cat_id=$1&page=$2 last;
rewrite “^/exchange-([0-9]+)(.*)\.html$” /exchange.php?cat_id=$1 last;
}


SHOPEX伪静态规则



location / {
if (!-e $request_filename) {
rewrite ^/(.+\.(html|xml|json|htm|php|jsp|asp|shtml))$ /index.php?$1 last;
}
}


Discuz 7伪静态规则



rewrite ^/archiver/((fid|tid)-[\w\-]+\.html)$ /archiver/index.php?$1 last;
rewrite ^/forum-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ /forumdisplay.php?fid=$1&page=$2 last;
rewrite ^/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ /viewthread.php?tid=$1&extra=page\%3D$3&page=$2 last;
rewrite ^/space-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$ /space.php?$1=$2 last;
rewrite ^/tag-(.+)\.html$ /tag.php?name=$1 last;


  以上便是常见 CMS 或 Blog 程序的伪静态,可能会由于版本的更新而造成规则有所变化,请自行修改适配。

  这里还要推荐个在线的伪静态规则转化站点。就如上面写的 PHPCMS 规则,网上找了很多都无效,最终从可用的 Apache 版转换过来才可以用的。

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